In April 2011 a two day Expert-Symposium on "Climate Change and Tourism in the Alps" took place at Munich University of Applied Sciences. The symposium dealt with the practical application of research results and adaptation strategies for tourism destinations in the alpine space.
The ClimAlpTour-team of Innsbruck University conducted various climate change workshops in its three pilot sites:
The results of these workshops are now available for download:
Tourism Symposium at Munich University of Applied Sciences sheds light on how visitors and suppliers in the Alpine region adapt to climate change.
In April 2011 tourism researchers from the German-speaking Alpine countries met at Munich University of Applied Sciences and presented results gained from the EU-project ClimAlpTour. In this context new facts concerning the supply and demand side were introduced. ClimAlpTour aims at strategies on how tourism destinations can face climate change. A total of 17 partners (11 of them research institutes) with 22 model regions from all over the Alps are working together in this project.
Round about 50 experts such as tourism researchers and (local) stakeholders from the field of Alpine tourism attended the symposium conducted by the Department of Tourism of Munich University of Applied Sciences. The researchers showed results from applied research methods used in the project (Delphi-study, source market survey, network analysis and various workshops held in the destinations). On-site experiences were discussed and compared, as Alpine tourism destinations differ in terms of altitude, location, infrastructure, economic wealth and level of cooperation. One of the results addressed to suppliers was rather to optimize the climate impact within the tourism supply than to use climate protection as a sales argument.
The HSR Hochschule für Technik Rapperswil (Delphi-study) as well as Munich University of Applied Sciences (source market analysis) discovered that most of the tourists are not interested in changing their travel behaviour due to climate change issues. While HSR researchers found out that economic incentives should be preferred to regulative prohibition strategies, Munich researchers expect a rather cost-driven adaptation, e.g. by choosing destinations nearby, fewer air trips and less energy-intensive travels. The uncertainty among consumers as well as the gap between awareness and concrete actions was also mentioned by keynote speaker Ron Schmid from BIO-Hotels - his conclusion: "We cannot leave our guest with their uncertain fear. If necessary we have to make the decision for them and just do it."
Within their network analysis the University of Applied Sciences HTW Chur assessed "parish-pump politics" as one of the problems in Alpine tourism and called attention to the communication problems between the "big fish" and smaller stakeholder groups. The first round of workshops organized by the University of Innsbruck displayed three totally different initial positions of the participating pilot sites. However, in the second round all three considered "authenticity", "health" and "nature" as promising fields for Alpine tourism development. Further practical approach was presented by the Alpine Research Institute (AFI) which is currently working on an Alpine nature experience park for the community of Grainau. In addition to that the AFI makes a feasibility study for a potential nature park on the Bavarian side of the Karwendel region.
Overall 22 very different model regions are working together in the ClimAlpTour-project. Based on stakeholder- and visitor-surveys, conducted by the Institut de la Montagne in cooperation with the team of Munich University of Applied Sciences, pilot site profiles and product portfolios were created. Within this analysis major differences between summer and winter destinations as well as between the supply and demand-side were discovered.
Professor Dr. Felix Kolbeck work package leader and host of the symposium stated that the focus for Alpine destinations should be on adaptation rather than on mitigation. The guests do not want to make a "climate holiday" but should be addressed by appealing themes like sports and wellness.
According to Professor Dr. Felix Kolbeck the sustainability paradigm of "ecologic-economic-social" equality could be transferred to the tourism market, where it would translate into cost effectiveness (for suppliers), quality of holiday (for guests) and quality of life (for local residents). Johannes Reißland general manager of forum anders reisen e.V. and keynote speaker at the symposium illustrated the approach of sustainable tourism metaphorically quoting an Asian saying: "Using fire you can make soup or you can burn the house. We want to make soup."
All presentations (in German) are available at www.tourismus.hm.edu.
The project ClimAlpTour is funded by the EU-Alpine Space Programme and will be terminated by the end of 2011.
Munich University of Applied Sciences, Department of Tourism
Dipl. Betriebswirtin (FH) Ilka Cremer, Prof. Dr. Felix Kolbeck
Tel: 089-1265-2132, E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tel: 089-1265-2141, E-Mail: email@example.com
(-> Die Fakultät -> Forschung & Projekte)
The ERSAF (Regional Agency for Services to Agriculture and Forestry) Department “Integrated Actions for Mountain and Applied Research”, in collaboration with EURAC, decided to directly involve in a workshop tourist operators working in Presolana-Monte Pora area. In this way the operators would have had the first hand opportunity to identify possible tourist development strategies for this area.
The half-day workshop has been held on 29th March in Castione della Presolana (Bg) at Cooraltur offices. Twelve operators from hotellerie, local tourist association, tourist offices, (vocational) education and alpine guides participated.
At first some results from the analysis carried out in the area have been shown to the participants: a short overview on tourism in the area and a survey conducted in the last winter and summer season on tourists’ preferences. Then the operators, supported by a facilitator from EURAC, have decided to work on three main development strategies which have been chosen from a list proposed by participants themselves:
I. Greater collaboration between public and private sector
II. Improvement and greater integration in public transportation system
III. Winter revenue diversification/All year tourism
The workshop has brought out the fact that a greater collaboration and coordination between public and private sector on tourism supply and destination marketing would be necessary for the tourist development. Regarding the public transport, local operators have remarked the opportunity to improve this kind of transportation not only in the area but also from the Orio al Serio airport. Finally they have discussed on the possibility to organise events during all the year and on the need of involving second homes’owners in tourism strategies.
WASHINGTON: A new study has suggested that climate change can cause increasing and unpredictable hazard risks in mountainous regions.
Researchers from University of Exeter and Austria said that the Alpine glacier loss in 2003 and floods caused by heavy rains in 2005, both due to climate changes, could pose serious dangers to life in the alpine regions.
The two events demonstrate what impact events like these, predicted to become more frequent under a changing climate, could have on alpine regions and what implications these changes might have for local communities.
Temperatures in the European Alps have increased twice as much as the global average temperature since the late nineteenth century and are predicted to rise by an average of 0.3-0.5 degrees Celsius per decade in the next century.
The biggest hazards tend to be concentrated in high altitude areas where there is mountaineering and skiing infrastructure. Another worry is the lack of public or local awareness of the issues. In addition, the impact of climate change could magnify in any snow or ice covered regions because melting snow drives further melting.
Jasper Knight from the University of Exeter commented ''While human activity and land management are important factors, we expect that global warming will cause ongoing and accelerating ice loss in the European Alps over the next decades and centuries. This will have a significant impact on hazard type, location and frequency and a potentially negative effect on the region's economic engine - tourism.''
Source: Economic Times (India), 16 June 2010
Le village de Tenna dans la Safiental (canton des Grisons/CH), est sur le point de lancer une première mondiale. La coopérative des remontées mécaniques de Tenna vient en effet de décider en mars 2010 de remplacer une remontée mécanique ancienne par la première remontée solaire.
Un téléski enrouleur 2 places à moteur électrique sera installé le long de l'installation existante, avec un câble tracteur surmonté de panneaux solaires. Ces panneaux seront orientables, et pourront ainsi être adaptés au rayonnement solaire. Simultanément, ils pourront aussi être repliés vers le haut afin de ne pas être recouverts en cas de chute de neige et de permettre l'enneigement de la trace située en-dessous. La mise en service de la remontée solaire est prévue pour l'hiver 2010/11.
Cette installation fonctionnera en hiver et en été, et produira environ 90 000 kWh par an. 22 000 kWh seront utilisés pour le fonctionnement de la remontée, la surproduction d'électricité sera revendue.
Sources et autres infos : Südostschweiz, 15 mars 2010,(de)
CIPRA alpMedia 4/2010
Das Dorf Tenna im Safiental im Kanton Graubünden/CH macht Ernst mit einer Weltpremiere. Ein in die Jahre gekommener Skilift soll mit dem ersten Solarskilift überhaupt ersetzt werden, so hat die Genossenschaft Skilift Tenna im März 2010 entschieden.
Entlang der bestehenden Anlage wird eine Bügellift-Anlage mit Elektromotor realisiert, über deren Schleppseil Solarpanels angebracht werden. Diese sind schwenkbar und können somit der Sonneneinstrahlung angepasst werden. Gleichzeitig lassen sich die Panels auch hochklappen, damit sie bei Schneefall von Schnee frei bleiben und die darunter liegende Skilifttrasse beschneit wird. Die Eröffnung des Solarlifts ist auf die Wintersaison 2010/11 geplant.
Die Solaranlage wird Winter und Sommer in Betrieb sein und rund 90'000 kWh im Jahr produzieren. Davon werden 22'000 kWh für den Skibetrieb benötigt, die Überproduktion an Strom soll verkauft werden.
Quellen und weitere Infos: Südostschweiz, 15. März 2010, (de)
(CIPRA alpMedia 4/2010)
Il villaggio di Tenna, nella valle di Safien nel Cantone dei Grigioni/CH, potrà presto vantare una novità mondiale: il primo impianto di risalita completamente solare. Uno skilift convenzionale in esercizio da diversi anni verrà sostituito dal primo skilift solare mai realizzato, ha deciso nel marzo 2010 la società di gestione dell’impianto di Tenna.
Sul tracciato dell’impianto esistente verrà realizzato uno skilift con motore elettrico e sul cavo di traino verranno installati i pannelli solari. I pannelli sono orientabili, per cui possono sfruttare al massimo l’irraggiamento solare, inoltre, in caso di nevicate si possono ripiegare, senza appesantirsi e consentendo l’innevamento del tracciato dello skilift sottostante. L’inaugurazione dello skilift solare è prevista per la stagione invernale 2010/11.
L’impianto solare funzionerà d’inverno e d’estate, per una produzione di circa 90.000 kWh all’anno, mentre il fabbisogno dell’impianto di risalita è di circa 22.000 kWh, per cui l’energia elettrica eccedente potrà essere venduta.
Fonti e ulteriori informazioni: Südostschweiz, 15 marzo 2010, (de)
(da CIPRA alpMedia)
Il Centro Euro-Mediterraneo per i Cambiamenti Climatici in collaborazione con Bononia University Press,
è lieto di invitare alla presentazione del libro:
I cambiamenti climatici in Italia: evidenze, vulnerabilità e impatti
a cura di Sergio Castellari e Vincenzo Artale
Venezia - Giovedì 15 aprile 2010– ore 12.30
Isola di San Giorgio Maggiore - presso la Fondazione Giorgio Cini
Direttore Generale - Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare
Università di Venezia
Istituto di Scienze dell’Atmosfera e del Clima - CNR
Saranno presenti i curatori del volume
CMCC – INGV
Un libro in cui viene esposto con semplicità, ma in modo approfondito e professionale, il tema dei cambiamenti climatici e dei loro impatti, attraverso il diretto coinvolgimento di scienziati italiani di livello internazionale. Si intende così offrire le basi della dinamica dei principali processi climatici del bacino del Mediterraneo nelle sue principali componenti (atmosfera, oceano, suolo, ciclo completo dell’acqua) attraverso l’analisi delle loro interazioni e con un’attenzione rivolta a ciò su cui si ha certezza ed a ciò su cui si dovrebbe riflettere sia come scienziati, sia come privati cittadini
Per informazioni e registrazioni: